This is, so far, the best approach I have seen that applies to chaos/ambiguity:
1. Adopt the strongest, most flexible position: I Don’t Know. (This makes me humble, and allows me to consider all angles)
2. Decide on what is most likely to be functional.
3. Adjust my position in accordance with step 2 (Sometimes, it just goes back to I Don’t Know.) and decide what action, if any, is warranted.
So far, this keeps me humble and clear-headed, and allows me to delve into any subject from spirituality to politics without getting ensorcelled in the trap of assumptive dogma.